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CO2 emissions in Europe

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CO2 toll for trucks in EU member states

Despite previous discussions about the CO2 toll, it is now taking effect. Beginning 1 December 2023, commercial vehicles weighing over 7.5 tonnes must pay a CO2 emissions–related toll in Germany. The surcharge is €200 per tonne of CO2 and is based on the new CO2 emissions classes. From 1 July 2024, this will also apply to vehicles weighing over 3.5 tonnes. In Austria, the new toll rates took effect on 1 January 2024.

As your mobility partner, UTA Edenred is always by your side to help you travel safely and efficiently throughout Europe. We’ll keep you updated on necessary steps to make the transition as easy as possible for you.

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CO2 toll in Germany effective 1 December 2023

The CO₂ toll for HGVs over 7.5 tonnes was introduced in Germany on 1 December 2023. Intended to promote the switch to low-emission, or better yet, zero-emission transportation, it represents an additional tariff.

The CO₂ surcharge is calculated on the basis of the CO₂ emissions of a vehicle. Kilometres driven and an HGV’s CO₂ emissions are considered. 
For the cost of traffic-related CO₂ emissions, a new rate component – the ‘proportional toll rate’ – will be introduced. It consists of a surcharge of 200 euros per tonne of CO₂.

Future toll rates will be comprised of four tariff parameters:

Infrastructure costs
Air pollution
Noise pollution
CO2 emissions

Toll fees are charged on trunk roads (e.g., main roads and motorways). Vehicles entering such a road, plus connected fuel stations and
rest areas, are subject to tolls.

By the way: CO2 tolls also apply to LNG vehicles.

CO2 toll in Austria effective 01/01/2024

In Austria, the CO2 toll applies to vehicles over 3.5 tonnes. Customers registered with ASFINAG for tolls in Austria must notify ASFINAG of their CO2 emission class and upload the required documentation in the ASFINAG SelfCare Portal, or submit via email ( to ensure correct billing.

CO2 toll in the Czech Republic effective 1 March 2024

CO2 toll rates apply in the Czech Republic to vehicles over 3.5 tonnes. Information on registration and/or submission procedures can be found on the MYTO CZ website.
An overview of Czech Republic toll rates can be found here.

When do CO2 toll regulations come into force in EU member states?

Effective 1 December 2023, commercial vehicles over 7.5 tonnes must pay a CO2 emissions-related HGV toll in Germany. Effective 1 July 2024, the HGV toll will apply to vehicles weighing over 3.5 tonnes. 

The determination of vehicle groups is possible for vehicles of up to 5 tonnes. There is currently no determination method for CO2 emissions available, so vehicles weighing between 3.5 and 5 tonnes can only receive a CO2 emission class of 1 or 5.

An announcement will be made when the regulation comes into force in other EU member states. 

We will keep you apprised of any developments on this website. 

Country Implementation of toll rates according to CO2 class
Germany 01/12/2023
Austria 01/01/2024
Czech Republic 01/03/2024
Other countries to follow soon


What is the CO2 emissions class of my vehicle?

As your mobility partner, UTA Edenred is by your side to help you register the CO2 emissions class of your vehicle. Being classified in a lower  CO2 emissions class enables you to save on toll costs! 

Initially, your vehicle will be automatically classified in the highest (e.g., most expensive) CO2 emission class – class 1. It is therefore best to check whether your vehicle falls into a better CO2 emissions class. Use the CO2 emissions class finder by Toll Collect for this!

If your CO2 emissions class is better than 1, you can register your UTA One® next toll box for the vehicle via the UTA Service Center to obtain a better CO2 emissions class. We’d be happy to help. Get in touch!

Bear in mind: Even if your vehicle is grouped into CO2 emissions class 1 today, this may change for a new vehicle. Every time you register, data will be requested. 

How can I register my vehicle for a better CO2 emissions class?

If a vehicle has a CO2 emission class better than CO2 emission class 1, it must be registered. The procedure depends on the on-board unit (OBU) used.

If you process tolls via the toll operator’s OBU, application/registration must be carried out with them. When using an EETS OBU, such as UTA One®, UTA One® next or Telepass EU (AUT), details and verification documents must be uploaded to the UTA Service Center .

What do CO2 emissions classes mean for toll billing?

For future toll processing, you must specify the CO2 emissions class of your vehicle. Vehicles with low CO2 emissions benefit from lower toll fees, while vehicles with high CO2 emissions incur higher toll fees.

The following applies: The more environmentally friendly your vehicle is, the less the toll rate will be.

What information is relevant for determining my vehicle’s CO2 emissions class and where can I find it?

Required information can be found on your Certificate of Conformity (COC), Customer Information File (CIF) or vehicle registration. The details are:

  • Technically permissible total weight when loaded (F.1) [kg]
  • Specific CO2 emissions [gCO2/tkm]
  • Date first registered
  • Vehicle subgroup
  • Wheel axle configuration
  • Driver cabin with berth (sleeping cabin)
  • Motor power rating [kW]
  • Chassis configuration

For which vehicles do the new CO2 emissions classes apply?

Since 1 December 2023, five CO2 emissions classes apply to commercial vehicles in vehicle categories N2/N3 weighing over 7.5 tonnes. Vehicles are automatically classified in the highest, i.e., most costly, CO2 emissions class 1. Vehicles registered on or after 1 July 2019 can be registered for a better CO2 emissions class. Thusfar, the future reference values (PDF) for the CO2 emissions class determination have been defined for vehicle groups 4, 5, 9 and 10 with their subgroups.

There are currently no regulations or reference values for buses or vehicle subgroups of categories N2 and N3. Therefore, they are provisionally assigned to CO2 emissions class 1. Vehicles registered before July 2019 are automatically assigned to CO2 emissions class 1. Zero-emission vehicles registered before 1 July 2019 can be classified as CO2 emissions class 5 on submission of documentary evidence.

Are there any exceptions or exemptions to the CO2 emissions toll?

Zero-emission HGVs are exempt from the toll until 31 December 2025. From 1 January 2026, 25 percent of the standard toll rate will be collected to cover infrastructure costs. This corresponds to a toll reduction of 75 percent – plus charges for noise and air pollution.

Zero-emission electric and hydrogen vehicles, as well as hydrogen fuel cell vehicles, are exempt from tolls until the end of 2025 (for further information, see the Toll Collect article).

Zero-emission vehicles weighing up to 4.25 tonnes are permanently exempt from tolls. Benefits for light and heavy commercial vehicles with alternative, climate-friendly drives and associated alternative fuel and loading infrastructure have been extended until 2028.

Busses for passenger transport in Germany are exempt from tolls until further notice.